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清华经济学系列英文版教材:宏观经济学原理(第5版)


清华经济学系列英文版教材:宏观经济学原理(第5版)

作  者:(美) 罗伯特·H.弗兰克 (Robert H.Frank) 本·S.伯南克 (Ben S.Bernanke) 著

出 版 社:清华大学出版社

出版时间:2013年01月

定  价:42.00

I S B N :9787302308355

所属分类: 大中专教材  大中专教材  >  研究生/本科/专科教材  经济  >  经济学理论  经济    

标  签:经济  经济学理论  

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TOP内容简介

《清华经济学系列英文版教材:宏观经济学原理(第5版)》的一大特色是摒弃了以往教材对数学推导的过度依赖,更多地通过范例给出直观的经济学概念和观点。作者引入了一些核心原理,然后通过大量的事例给予说明并加以应用。书中还配有与这些原理相关的问题和练习题,以供学生课后练习使用。
  《清华经济学系列英文版教材:宏观经济学原理(第5版)》的另一特色是加强了对学生的经济学应用能力的培养,鼓励大家用基本的经济学原理来理解和解释发生在自己周围的一些实际问题。
  作为宏观经济学入门水平的教材,《清华经济学系列英文版教材:宏观经济学原理(第5版)》适合大专院校经济管理各相关专业用做教材,也可作为普通读者了解宏观经济学的读物。

TOP作者简介

罗伯特·H.弗兰克(Robert H.Frank),美国康奈尔大学教授,《牛奶可乐经济学》系列畅销书的作者,被誉为通俗经济学第一人。曾与他人共同著述《赢家通吃的社会》,对消费行为理论有很大影响。
  
  本·S.伯南克(Ben S.Bernanke),美国联邦储备委员会(Fed)主席,毕业于哈佛大学和麻省理工学院,曾任普林斯顿大学经济学系主任。伯南克从1987年起成为美联储访问学者,自2002年8月5日开始,担任联邦储备委员会成员。

TOP目录

前言

第1部分 引言
第1章 像经济学家一样思考

第2部分 宏观经济学:数据和问题
第4章 支出、收入和GDP
第5章 通货膨胀和价格水平
第6章 工资和失业

第3部分 长期经济
第7章 经济增长
第8章 储蓄、资本形成和金融市场
第9章 货币、价格和金融体系

第4部分 短期经济
第10章 短期经济波动
第11章 支出、产出和财政政策
第12章 货币政策与美联储
第13章 总供给、总需求和商业周期
第14章 宏观经济政策

术语表

TOP书摘

The central bank of the United States is called the Federal Reserve System, or the Fed for short. The Fed''''s two main responsibilities are making monetary policy, which means determining how much money will circulate in the economy, and overseeing and regulating financial markets, especially banks. Created in 1914, one of the original purposes of the Federal Reserve was to help eliminate or control banking panics. A banking panic is an episode in which depositors, spurred by news or rumors of the imminent bankruptcy of one or more banks, rush to withdraw their deposits from the banking system. Because banks do not keep enough reserves on hand to pay off all depositors, even a financially healthy bank can run out of cash during a panic and be forced to close. (LO1)
  In the short run, the Fed can control the real interest rate as well as the nominal interest rate. Since the real interest rate equals the nominal interest rate minus the inflation rate, and because the inflation rate adjusts relatively slowly, the Fed can change the real interest rate by changing the nominal interest rate. In the long run, the real interest rate is determined by the balance of saving and investment (see Chapter 8). The nominal interest rate that the Fed targets most closely is the federal funds rate, which is the rate commercial banks charge each other for very short-term loans. (LO2, LO4)
  The Federal Reserve''''s actions affect the economy because changes in the real interest rate affect planned spending. For example, an increase in the real interest rate raises the cost of borrowing, reducing consumption and planned investment. Thus, by increasing the real interest rate, the Fed can reduce planned spending and short-run equilibriu''''m output. Conversely, by reducing the real interest rate, the Fed can stimulate planned aggregate expenditure and thereby raise short-run equilibrium output. The Fed''''s ultimate objectives are to eliminate output gaps and maintain low inflation. To eliminate a recessionary output gap, the Fed will lower the real interest rate. To eliminate an expansionary output gap, the Fed will raise the real interest rate. (LO2, LO4)
  The nominal interest rate is determined in the market for money, which has both a demand side and a supply side. The money demand curve relates the aggregate quantity of money demanded to the nominal interest rate. Because an increase in the nominal interest rate increases the opportunity cost of holding money, which reduces the quantity of money demanded, the money demand curve slopes down. Factors other than the nominal interest rate that affect the demand for money (such as the price level of real GDP) will shift the demand curve to the right or left. The supply curve for money is vertical at the value of the money supply set by the Fed. Money market equilibrium occurs at the nominal interest rate at which money demand equals the money supply. (LO3)
  The Fed can reduce the nominal interest rate by increasing the money supply (shifting the money supply curve to the right) or increase the nominal interest rate by reducing the money supply (shifting the money supply curve to the left). (LO4)
  The Federal Reserve has three tools it can use to change the money supply. The first is open-market operations, in which the Fed purchases or sells government bonds in order to increase (via purchases) or decrease (via sales) the money supply. The second is discount window lending, in which commercial banks borrow additional reserves from the Fed. The third involves affecting bank reserves directly, either by changing reserve requirements or adjusting the interest rate paid on reserve balances held at the Fed. (LO4)
  ……

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